Welcome to this week’s Torah / Bible study section. “Then it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, 'Lest perhaps the people change their minds when they see war, and return to Egypt.'” (Exodus 13:17).
In last week’s study, after the last and most devastating of the Ten Plagues (Death of the Firstborn), Pharaoh finally relented in letting the Israelites go free. We should have noted it marked the beginning of a new life, at the beginning of God’s year (Ex 12:2). They were given annual holy days and similarities between the Passover lamb and that of the final Passover lamb in the Messiah, i.e. the meal took place in the night and neither had their feet broken (Ex 12:7, 46; John 19:36, 1Cor 5:7). There is a separate article specifically on the Passover. One is on www.forwardtoyahweh.com.
This week, however, in study section titled “Beshalach”, Pharaoh changes his mind and races after them to bring them back into slavery. God leads them through the sea to prevent them turning back into Egypt (13:17). Thinking they are lost in the wilderness, Pharaoh seemingly traps them against the Red Sea. There is no escape, or so it seems. God miraculously parts the waters so that His people pass through on dry land, while the Egyptians drown behind them. They and Egyptians would know who is the real God (14:18). In relief and thankfulness to God for this amazing victory over those who wished to enslave them, Moshe (Moses) and the Israelites sing a beautiful song called ShiratHaYam (שירתהים), the Song of the Sea. Some also call it AzYashir Moshe (then Moses sang), which are the first words of the Song of the Sea (Exodus 15:1).
The Song of the Sea (Exodus 15:1–18)
In true humility, this song gives no glory to the leadership of Moses or praise to the people for the faith it took to walk between walls of water, but totally gives the glory and praise to Yahweh God.