Shalom All, Welcome to this week’s Torah / Bible study Portion. “And I appeared [Va’era] to Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaacov as El Shaddai [אלשדי] but by My name, YHVH [יהוה], I did not make Myself known to them.” (Exodus 6:2–3). Note “God almighty” (El Shaddai) is NOT a name; but a quality just like the strongest man in the world or fastest runner).
This week whilst preparing this study and the verse Ex 6:3, I was reminded of verses read a few days ago:
Gen 12:8 And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto YHWH, and called upon the name of the LORD. Gen 13:4 Unto the place of the altar, which he had made there at the first: and there Abram called on the name of the LORD. Gen 22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh (or Yahovahjireh) : as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.
To understand this seemingly contradiction we need to look at the verse and time when YHWH made or reiterated His covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
Gen 17:1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect. Gen 17:2 And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.
Gen 35:11 And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins; Gen 35:12 And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give the land.
Gen 48:3 And Jacob said unto Joseph, God Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, Gen 48:4 And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a multitude of people; and will give this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession.
We will see below that the three patriarchs knew and used YHWH’s name; but at the time of making the covenant with them He wanted to emphasize His power not His name. All gods have names; but none can make a promise, covenant and deliver on them except the Almighty God whose name is YHWH. He also made this point to Moses and Pharaoh in Exo 9:29 And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth is the LORD'S. See also Ex 3:14, Psalm 68:4, 83:18; John 8:58 and Rev 1:4
In last week’s Torah study, God appeared to Moses at the foot of Mount Sinai in a burning bush, instructing him to lead the Israelites out of Pharaoh’s bondage. Because Moses perceived himself to be slow of speech, God appointed his brother Aaron to be his spokesperson. When the brothers went before Pharaoh, he refused to let the Israelites go. Instead of making the situation better, the Israelites’ enslavement became more oppressive as Pharaoh required them to gather their own straw (whereas previously it had been provided for them) while still producing the same quota of bricks.
Of course, the children of Israel complained to Moses, so he brought their suffering before God. God reassured Moses that things would turn around. He told him that He would not only save the Israelites with a mighty deliverance, but Pharaoh would drive them from Egypt.
God Redeems Israel Past, Present, and Future: In this section, God promises Moses that He will accomplish four redemptive acts: He would bring out the Israelites from their suffering in Egypt, rescue them from slavery, redeem them from their oppression with His outstretched arm, and take them as His own nation.
These four promises are called the four expressions of redemption, and they are traditionally commemorated during the Passover Seder (ritual meal) with four cups of wine. For each of these acts of deliverance written in Exodus 6:6–7, God used the following Hebrew words:
Hotzeiti (הוֹצֵאתִי), which means I will bring out,
- Hitzalti (הִצַּלְתִּי), which means I will rescue,
- Ga’alti (גָאַלְתִּי), which means I will redeem, and
- Lakachti (לָקַחְתִּי), which means I will take.
Exo 6:6 Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments: Yahweh took them out of Egyptian bondage system and gave them righteous laws by which to live among Him and each other. Today Christians are taught Yahweh’s laws are the bondage and they should be free of them!! Actually being in Egypt or the world is in bondage and in God and His laws is freedom. When one is with YHWH God He puts a division between His “my people” and others (Ex 8:22). Part of that division is having His laws that others do not. Note in 7:4, 16 they are not called Jews; but “my people” “Hebrews” children of “Israel” to whom the laws were given and they were to serve Him by following His righteous living directives Exo7:4 But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth mine armies, and my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments. Exo 7:16 And thou shalt say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying, Let my people go, that they may serve me in the wilderness: and, behold, hitherto thou would not hear.
God also makes a fifth expression of redemption. He promises He will bring (heveitiהֵבֵאתִי) His people back into their own land. When God speaks a Word, it will be done as He has said, despite how circumstances appear in the natural. Still, we live in a fallen world. Many of us suffer from spiritual myopia (short-sightedness) caused by focusing on our own suffering and loss. The Israelites were no different. They were so downtrodden and grieved in spirit that they simply could not believe what Moses said the Lord (Yahweh) would do for them. They couldn’t even listen to his words of hope. “Moses reported this to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him because of their discouragement and harsh labour.” (Exodus 6:9).
This should remind us to be patient and merciful as we minister to people. Even today, there are those whose bondage is so cruel and whose spirit so broken that they also cannot hear those who preach the Good News of Yahshua (some call Jesus). Sometimes as with Moses and Yahshua’s evidence, they must see us walk in the power of God, seeing signs and wonders before they will listen and believe. Yet Yahshua declined to give a sign to many except similar to Jonah, He was going to be in heart of earth for 3 days AND 3 nights (Matt 12:40). Today we live by faith (belief) in what God and his son has already done. However, we must not forget it was conditional on their obedience to His laws.
As God had commanded them, Moses and his brother Aaron (Aharon) returned to Pharaoh over and over again, demanding that he let God’s people go, in order that they may serve Him in the wilderness. This whole account of God’s redemption of Israel from Egypt has a spiritual parallel in our salvation from the Kingdom of darkness, ruled by Hasatan (literally, the Satan) and the Kingdom of light, ruled by God. We are delivered through faith in Yahshua, the Passover Lamb, not simply to walk away and “do our own thing” but, as was for the Israelites, the purpose of our freedom is to serve the living God. “For He has rescued us from the dominion of darkness and brought us into the kingdom of the Son He loves, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.” (Colossians 1:13–14).
Pharaoh Remains Prideful Despite Marvels and Wonders: God gave Moses and Aaron a special sign to show Pharaoh. In Hebrew the sign is called a mofet, which means a marvel or wonder. Aaron was to throw his stick down before Pharaoh, and it would be transformed. In most English translations, we read that the stick became a serpent; but in the Hebrew, the word used istannin, which means a crocodile. However, Pharaoh, as God foreknew, still refused to let the people go; therefore, God sent His judgment on Egypt in the form of the Ten Plagues. “Pharaoh will not listen to you. Then I will lay My hand on Egypt and bring My hosts, My people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great acts of judgment.” (Exodus 7:4).
The plagues consisted of first, the waters of the Nile River were turned to blood (dam), making it undrinkable. Then the frogs (tzfardeim) swarmed the land, and then an infestation of lice (kinim) tormented man and beast. Until the plague of lice (kinim), the Egyptians magicians and sorcerers were able to duplicate the plagues; but with this plague, they could not; therefore, they recognized this to be the finger of God.
“Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh: 'This is the finger of God'; and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as Yahweh had spoken.” (Exodus 8:19).
The presence of signs and wonders does not necessarily mean YHWH God is behind them even if the perpetrator is portrayed as a man of the bible. Hence one should not choose their place of worship or pastor based on signs; but on the pure word of YHWH Mat 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. Mar 13:22 For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect 2Th 2:9 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders.
Pharaoh had hardened his heart and would not listen to the voice of reason, one of the surest signs of pride. A humble man will receive correction willingly, but a person with pride immediately becomes defensive and will not listen to others. This can bring about his downfall. “Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall.” (Proverbs 16:18). Note the contrast between Pharaoh and Moses, who even today is considered to be the most humble man to walk the earth. When Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, corrected him on his approach to settling disputes between the Israelites in the wilderness, Moses listened and took heed. “So Moses listened to the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he had said.” (Exodus 18:24).
Although Pharaoh promised to let the Hebrew People go after the plague of lice, he hardened his heart and reneged on his promise. As a result, God sent swarms of flies (arov) which covered the land, then a disease (dever) which killed all the cattle. God made a distinction between Israel and Egypt. While all the cattle of Egypt died, not even one of Israel fell to the disease (Exodus 9:4). This underlines the importance and reliability of being in a covennantal relationship with the Almighty God. None of Egypt’s best sorcerers and masters of the occult could save them from the hand of God. The covenant was conditional on Abraham walking with (obeying) God Gen 17:1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect. Gen 17:2 And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.
In the sixth plague, when God turned dust into painful boils (shkheen) upon man and beast, even the magicians suffered, and they could not stand before Moses because of them (Exodus 9:9–11). This week’s section ends with the seventh plague of hail (barad). God sent thunder, fire and a grievous hail that destroyed anything and everything in the field, man and beast and all vegetation. Only in Goshen where the Israelites lived was there no hail (Exodus 9:26).
While Scripture promises that the natural cycle of winter and summer will not end while the earth remains (Genesis 8:22), it does say that God will intervene in Earth's weather, turning the wilderness green in Israel and blessing Israel with the early and latter rains (Joel 2:21). It also states that there will be extreme weather events in the last days (Revelation 16:8–9).
Moses and Yahshua the robbers: Armed with signs and wonders, Moses did battle with Pharaoh, his magicians, and the gods of Egypt. In one passage, the magicians of Egypt concede defeat and declare, “This is the finger of God” (Exodus 8:19). Yahshua referred to the same passage to explain how He drove out evil spirits and healed the infirm: By the finger of God. Like Moses in Egypt, the Messiah walked among us demonstrating miracles, signs, and wonders, driving out demons and delivering God’s people from oppression. He told the Pharisees, “If I cast out demons by the finger of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you” (Luke 11:20). He offered a parable to explain: When a strong man, fully armed, guards his own house, his possessions are undisturbed; but when someone stronger than he attacks him and overpowers him, he takes away from him all his armour on which he had relied and distributes his plunder (Luke 11:21-22).
The parable illustrates the conflict between the kingdom of heaven and the kingdom of darkness. The strong man corresponds to Satan. This present world refers to his house. His possessions are people. Yahshua likened Himself to the robber. Just as a robber ties up the strong man and carries off his possessions, Yahshua bound the adversary and carried off His people. By freeing the demon possessed from the spirits that afflicted them, Yahshua robbed the strong man’s house. Yahshua says, "No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to one and despise the other" (Matthew 6:24). Israel could not serve both Pharaoh and God. Neither can we serve two masters. “But thanks be to God that though you were slaves of sin, you became obedient from the heart to that form of teaching to which you were committed and having been freed from sin, you became slaves of righteousness (Romans 6:17-18)”.
The parable of the strong man invokes the work of Moses in Egypt. The strong man corresponds to Pharaoh. Egypt is his house. His possessions were the children of Israel. Moses came as a robber. By the power of God, he bound Pharaoh, his magicians and his gods and walked off with his possessions. When the Messiah returns, He will come again as thief in the night to plunder the deceiver’s house. A thief in the sense no one knows the hour.
Like Egypt, Like the World: The purpose of God taking His people out of Egypt was to serve Him (Ex 7:16). We know from the book of Revelation that many of these plagues will again strike the inhabitants of the earth in the end times. These events that happened in Egypt foreshadow what is to come, possibly on a global scale in the final days. In his vision, John describes the seven last plagues on the earth: “I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God” (Revelation 15:1).
As God pours out the full bowl of His wrath upon earth, loathsome sores appear on all those who have taken the mark of the beast and worship his image (Revelation 16:2). Then, just like in Egypt, the waters are turned to blood (Revelation 16:3–6). Other plagues also bombard the earth, such as darkness, scorching fire, and destructive hail.
“From the sky huge hailstones, each weighing about a hundred pounds, fell on people. And they cursed God on account of the plague of hail, because the plague was so terrible” (Revelation 16:21).
Reputation and Foundation of Faith: God did not arbitrarily or capriciously decide to harden Pharaoh’s heart. From the outset, He explained that He intended to make His contest with the Egyptian pantheon into a public affair. He said, “Against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments, I am the LORD” (Exodus 12:12). He intended to use Egypt as a theatre in which He could establish His name (i.e., His reputation) and His identity in the eyes of His people Israel, in the eyes of all Egypt, and in the eyes of the whole world. “The Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch out My hand on Egypt and bring out the sons of Israel from their midst”. (Exodus 7:5).
In the Semitic sense, to declare one’s name means to broadcast a person’s fame and reputation. To declare God’s name means to reveal who God is, i.e., to glorify Him. It has nothing to do with pronouncing or not pronouncing the sacred name of God; it has everything to do with revealing God’s person, abilities and character to the world.
Consider the following passages from the exodus narrative in which the Almighty explains His motives for striking Egypt and delivering Israel:
- The Egyptians shall know I am the LORD. (Exodus 7:5)
- That you many know there is no one like the LORD our God. (Exodus 8:10)
- So that you will know that I, the LORD, am in this land. (Exodus 8:22)
- In order to show you My power and in order to proclaim My name through all the earth. (Exodus 9:16)
- And that you may tell in the hearing of your son, and of your grandson, how I made a mockery of the Egyptians and how I performed My signs among them, that you may know that I am the LORD. (Exodus 10:2)
- Against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments, I am the LORD. (Exodus 12:12)
- I will be honoured through Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the LORD. (Exodus 14:4).
God used the plagues, the signs, the wonders, and even the redemption of Israel to show His power and to proclaim His name through all the earth. He made His grand entrance onto the stage of world history and sent a message to the whole world: “I exist, I am God, there is none like Me!” He sent a message to the false gods and the idols, proving that He alone is God and there is none other. Israel is the trophy of His victory. The demonstration succeeded. The decimation of Egypt made an impact on the world, and the name of YHWH has never since been forgotten. In Jericho, the Canaanites were still talking about what God did in Egypt forty years later. The Philistines were still talking about it two hundred years later. We are still talking about it today. The devil and deceiver will use this same method to win souls 2Th_2:9 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,.
Deliverance From YOUR Bondage. Are you in bondage? Just as the Almighty delivered the children of Israel from Egypt, He can deliver you from the bonds that hold you fast. It is one thing to be burdened. It is even worse to be in bondage. A man might carry his own burden willingly, but it is far more difficult to carry it under the compulsion of another. Yahweh told Moses that, in addition to taking Israel out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, He was going to deliver them from bondage to them (Ex 6:6).
There are many different types of bondage. Some might find themselves taken into literal bondage like the Jewish and Sabbatarian communities did during World War II (for keeping the Sabbath) or like the persecuted Christians in Sudan and other troubled areas today. Others might find themselves in self-made bondages. It is very easy to give oneself up to financial bondage with things like a high mortgage or other deep debts. We fall into the bondage of our appetites and find ourselves ruthlessly lorded over by addictive behaviours like chemical abuse (drugs, alcohol, nicotine) or even the sins of gluttony and sexual immorality. A person unable to exercise self-control over his own behaviour is a person in bondage.
For example, a man says that he is going to quit smoking. The cigarettes are expensive and he knows that it is bad for his health. He tells everyone he is quitting and he tosses his cigarettes into the garbage. A few hours later, he is digging through the trash looking for his cigarettes. He is in bondage to his addiction. When a person is in bondage, he is not able to liberate himself. He needs someone on the outside to deliver him from the bondage. That is why people who struggle with addictions find their best success when they turn to counselling, support groups, and other systems of accountability. It takes someone outside of the situation to intervene.
God is able to intervene and release us from the various bondages that shackle us. Through faith in Yahshua, our chains can fall away.
Is Your HOPE Up or Down: The message of the gospel is the message of hope. But if you feel hopeless, the gospel is going to fall on deaf ears. It will not take root in you. People say, "Don't get your hopes up." Nothing is as painful as misplaced hope. The higher your hopes, the further they plunge. When Moses first came back to Egypt, the Israelites were hopeless. They were slaves and brick makers when Moses came peddling hope. Moses told them, "God has sent me to take you out of Egypt." He showed them signs that convinced them. He gave them great hope that perhaps God was real after all. They began to believe that the God of their fathers cared about them. Moses raised their expectations of life.
Later when Moses went to Pharaoh to deliver this message, Pharaoh responded by increasing the workload of the slaves and making their lives even more difficult than before. After that the Torah says that "they did not listen to Moses on account of their despondency and cruel bondage" (Exodus 6:9). Sometimes it is hard to listen to hope because of our despondency. Having dared to hope in the past and having been betrayed by that hope, we resolve not to be hurt again. One way to avoid ever being hurt again is to refuse to hope. The pessimist is actually afraid of hope.
After facing disappointment, it is difficult to hope again. When we set out to accomplish something for God, our initial enthusiasm cools quickly as we face difficulties and setbacks. For example, a person sets out to make peace with his enemy, confident that this is God's will; but his enemy takes advantage of the gesture and aggravates the conflict. Or perhaps a person goes to witness to others about his faith by bringing the good news of Messiah, but it seems that no one receives the message. Or a person may resolve to take on some significant life change. He wants to improve his character or break free from some addiction or pattern of sin. At first he makes a strong effort, but almost immediately he fails in the attempt and ends up just as bad or worse than before. The pessimist claims that he is just being a realist, but despair is not reality. The heart of the pessimist is really saying, "I am comfortable in my despondent state. Please don't raise me out of this state, because I can't stand being teased with the chance of happiness. I would rather be unhappy than risk the chance of disappointment." Such an attitude, however, is the antithesis of faith. If we truly believe in God, we should be incurable optimists, living in a constant state of expectation. If God is on our side, we cannot lose.
“What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who is against us? He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him over for us all, how will He not also with Him freely give us all things? (Romans 8:31-32)”.
When you know you cannot lose, you have nothing to fear. You don't need to be afraid of disappointment. You don't need to be pessimist to protect yourself. You can afford to be an optimist. The world needs more of those. God wants to raise our expectations. He wants us to get our hopes up. As we set out to do good, to be good (or at the very least, to do better and be better) we can rely on God's compassion, His promises and the power of His name to get us through the discouragement.
Did Abraham, Isaac and Jacob know the NAME of YHWH?:
Yahweh reminded Moses that He appeared to the forefathers as God Almighty (El Shaddai, אל שדי), but He did not reveal His personal name the LORD (HaShem): "I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name, YHWH, I did not make Myself known to them" (Exodus 6:3–4).
This seems like a contradiction because Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob did know God Almighty by His holy name, “Yahweh / Yahovah” (Gen_22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh / Yahovahjireh): Abraham invoked the Name the LORD when he first entered the land of Canaan. He swore an oath in the name of the LORD. When the Almighty made the covenant between the parts with Abraham, He said, “I am the LORD who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans, to give you this land to possess it.” Abraham replied, “O Lord LORD (HaShem), how may I know that I will possess it?” (Genesis 15:7–8). Obviously the forefathers did know His name so, why did He say to Moses, “By My Name, the LORD, I did not make Myself known to them?”
Rashi (a Jewish rabbi) reconciles the seeming contradiction. He explains that the LORD did reveal His name, “the LORD (HaShem),” to the forefathers, but He did not reveal the meaning of His Name to them. Rashi understands the name, “the LORD,” to imply God’s unchanging nature. The LORD is “I will be as I will be.” The unchanging God is faithful to keep His word. The Name of the LORD implies, “[I am] faithful to uphold [verify] my words (ne’eman le’ammet debarai, נאמן לאמת דברי).” He is the Promise Keeping God. According to Rashi’s explanation, the ineffable name, “the LORD” implies God’s unchanging character, His covenant devotion, and His mercy. God revealed His name, “the LORD,” to the patriarchs, but He did not reveal the meaning of His name. The signs and wonders He brought against Egypt glorified His name and accurately revealed who He was—His saving power and mighty arm. Yahshua had the same objective. He prayed, “I have glorified you on earth … I have manifested Your name” (John 17:4, 6). He revealed God’s character and established His reputation. For three years He displayed God’s glory through His miraculous works, signs, and teachings. At the Passover meal with his disciples, He was about to reveal fully God’s name through the ultimate sign, His resurrection from the dead. There will also come a time in the future when heaven will again unleash plagues and signs revealing God’s name, not merely upon Egypt, but in all the earth. The prophecies of the apocalyptic book of Revelation speak of plagues to come. Witnesses like Moses will appear with “power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire” (Revelation 11:6). Spirits will afflict humanity like locusts (Revelation 9:1-8) and frogs (Revelation 16:13). Plagues of hail and blood will descend on the earth (Revelation 8:8-9) and pestilence, famine and woe will consume Babylon (Revelation 18:8). As in Egypt, the plagues will conclude with the redemption of God’s people and the publication of God’s name. “In that day the LORD will be One and His Name will One” (Zechariah 14:9).
For example, God promised Abraham that he would be the father of a great nation with descendants as countless as the stars. He promised that the land of Canaan would be given to those descendents. He also predicted that Abraham’s seed would be enslaved by a foreign nation and ultimately liberated from that nation:
God said to Abram, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, where they will be enslaved and oppressed four hundred years. But I will also judge the nation whom they will serve, and afterward they will come out with many possessions” (Genesis 15:13–14). The forefathers did not see these promises fulfilled. They knew the name, “the LORD,” but God did not reveal the essential meaning of that name in that they did not see the covenant promises fulfilled: “All these died in faith, without receiving the promises, but having seen them and having welcomed them from a distance, and having confessed that they were strangers and exiles on the earth” (Hebrews 11:13). In the days of Moses, the time had come for God to fulfill the covenant promises He made to Abraham. God was ready to reveal the essential meaning of His name: “I am faithful to uphold my words.”
Eze28:25 Thus saith the Lord GOD; When I shall have gathered the house of Israel from the people among whom they are scattered, and shall be sanctified in them in the sight of the heathen, then shall they dwell in their land that I have given to my servant Jacob.
Revelation: Rev 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.
We constantly read the law (song of Moses) and faith in Yahshua are mentioned. Too many to list here. If you wish to avoid the plagues of Revelations as mentioned in this week’s section, separate yourself from the mindset of the world, spiritually come out into keeping YHWH’s righteous way of living.
May we be ever mindful that we are living in the end times; and while we remain safe in the security of our holy covenant with Elohim, let us patiently share the Good News and diligently pray for mercy upon those who stubbornly continue to rebel against God and His laws. Just as God in the past segregated His people from His plagues (Exodus 8:22-23, Ex 12 and Revelation), the division being those obedient to and living by His laws (Exodus 20 to 35) and should they break any, they ask for atonement through the blood of Yahshua similar to that of when Aaron did in Lev 16. The difference being the blood of the Messiah is a better sacrifice than that of rams.